With major tech companies focusing on the use of artificial intelligence in the near future, it is now Microsoft which has appointed a team of 30 researchers and scientists in Redmond and Benguluru to develop a series of machine-learning software & tools to embed artificial intelligence (AI) into tiny devices like computer processors.
The project is part of a paradigm shift within the technology industry that Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella described recently, by saying that “We’re moving from what is today’s mobile-first, cloud-first world to a new world that is going to be made up of an intelligent cloud and intelligent edge”.
“Creating the intelligent edge is a step toward realising the promise of a world populated with tiny intelligent devices at every turn – embedded in our clothes, scattered around our homes and offices,” said John Roach, a world-renowned expert in AI and machine learning, in a Microsoft blog post.
The researchers imagine all sorts of intelligent devices that could be created, from smart soil-moisture sensors deployed for precision irrigation on remote farms to brain implants that warn users of impending seizures so that they can get to a safe place and call a caregiver.
The intelligent devices are part of the so-called Internet of Things, or IoT, except that these things are intended to be smart, or intelligent, even without an Internet connection.
“The dominant paradigm is that these devices are dumb. They sense their environment and transmit their sensor readings to the cloud where all of the machine learning happens. Unfortunately, this paradigm does not address a number of critical scenarios that we think can transform the world,” said Manik Varma, Senior Researcher with Microsoft Research India and a co-leader of the project.
The researchers are working on systems that can run machine learning algorithms on microcontrollers.
“The intelligent devices are part of the so-called Internet of Things, or IoT, except that these things are intended to be smart, or intelligent, even without an Internet connection,” the blog post added.
The drive to embed AI on tiny devices is part of a broader initiative within Microsoft’s research organisation to envision technologies that could be pervasive a decade from now.