The lack of population control continues to remain one of India’s biggest curses. In light of this, some recent statistics proved surprisingly pleasant.
Jammu & Kashmir, India’s only Muslim majority state, jointly topped the list of states in population control. Along with West Bengal and Tamil Nadu, J&K recorded a Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of 1.6 in 2015, which was the lowest among the 22 large states for which data is available.
The information was presented in Rajya Sabha on 28th March by Anupriya Patel, minister of state of health and family welfare. According to data attached to her reply, as many as 13 of the 22 states have recorded a TFR below 2.1 children per woman, which is referred to as replacement level fertility of a population. In other words, these states are headed for negative population growth.
Public debates in India sometimes suggest that population growth is primarily influenced by religion. However, data put out by government over the last few years suggests that regional differences may well be far more important than religious differences.
For example, Census 2011 data showed that Muslims make up 14.22% of India’s population. In the states of J&K and West Bengal, Muslims make up 68.31% and 27.01% of the population respectively. One way of looking at the data is that two of the three states with lowest TFR have a Muslim population significantly higher than the national population. (Unfortunately our political dispensation would try to put the blame only on Muslims)
Tamil Nadu, on the other hand, is a state where Hindus make 87.58% of the population, which is higher than their share in India’s population.
So my basic premise proves correct. It’s not Muslims or Hindus who increase the population, but certain regions and states and both communities are to be blamed. I know I will be offending many of my friends, but being politically incorrect, I will say though it might sound racist, but UP and Bihar are the main factors for our growing population. Muslims definitely contribute and should share large part of the blame, but Hindus of these states do too. Even today most Hindus in UP and Bihar have 3 to 4 children. Just ridiculous.
And the reason is their idiotic craze for a male child. You will find if the first child is a girl they will keep on producing 1 or 2 boys to compensate. And this will lead to 3 to 4 children. Till the dowry menace remains in these Hindi states and parents are not enough educated, UP and Bihar will continue to have this curse. Only girls and boys of these states can change the situation. By really standing on their own feet. And absolutely refusing to give or take dowries.
At least those who are socially conscious from these population bearing states must look at different technologies for birth control. Compared to 25 years ago, birth control technology for women has vastly improved. The oral contraceptive, the IUD, and improved techniques for abortion and sterilization have presented better prospects for safe, effective birth control than have ever before existed. The side effects of these methods can have political significance when the method is distributed by the state. No one would blame a complicated or failed pregnancy on officaldom, but they would blame a death from a state-distributed method on the government. New IUDs slowly release a steroid, thus avoiding excessive menstrual blood loss. Devices being tested have a life span of 3-5 years. Depo-Provera, an injectable contraceptive, is being used by between 1-2 million women, despite its controversial status. A number of new injectables are being studied in animals and should become available in the second half of the decade. Because the testing of contraceptive drugs is stricter than that of all other drugs, it takes many years to develop a new drug to the stage where it can be marketed. Another method being tested is an implant just under the skin that slowly releases a contraceptive.
By: Rajneesh De
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